Relevant Tomorrow https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow <p>The Diamond Open Access peer-reviewed scholarly journal <em>Relevant Tomorrow</em> was established in 2021 and is published by the <a href="https://lnb.lt/en/">Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania</a>. The journal covers several disciplines: media and information literacy, information environment security, communication (political communication) processes, digitisation and digital publishing, library science and bibliography, and methodology of information sciences. In order to achieve academic dialogue and interdisciplinary relations, the journal publishes not only research on the above-mentioned subjects but also articles in the fields of sociology, history, and political science. The published articles are assigned <a href="https://www.doi.org/">DOI</a>s (the National Library is a member of <a href="https://www.crossref.org/"><em>CrossRef</em></a>).</p> en-US Relevant.Tomorrow@lnb.lt (Editorial Board of the Relevant Tomorrow Journal / Aktualu rytoj žurnalo redakcinė kolegija ) gintautas.sederevicius@lnb.lt (Gintautas Sederevičius) Tue, 01 Feb 2022 09:36:45 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.10 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Editorial Board and Table of Contents https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/753 Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/753 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Journal ‘Relevant Tomorrow’ Continues and Updates the Tradition of the Scholarly Publishing of the Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/754 <p>From the Editor.</p> Vincas Grigas, Darius Žiemelis Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/754 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Healing Power of Reading Books: About Implementation Activities of the Project ‘Application of Bibliotherapy at Libraries’ at Lithuania’s County Public Libraries https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/760 <p>The review briefly surveys the 2020–2021 project for the development of bibliotherapy competences ‘Application of Bibliotherapy at Libraries’, which was the first such project in Lithuania with regard to its scope and which had the purpose to develop skills of the staff of public libraries in solving problems of social exclusion and increasing accessibility of culture by the general public. The project not only disseminated knowledge of bibliotherapy by distributing it within networks of Lithuania’s county public libraries but also provided opportunities for participants of the trainings to take part at bibliotherapy workshops as well as prepare and realize such events by themselves.</p> Daiva Janavičienė Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/760 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Author Guidelines https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/761 <p>Authors Guidelines prepared by the Editorial Board</p> Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/761 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Linked Open Data as a Strategic Orientation of Lithuanian Libraries https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/755 <p>The article builds upon research into the paradigm of linked open data, which impacts developments of the cultural policy as well as encourages the transformation of library data models and modernization of information systems or setting up new ones by using the RDF model and Semantic Web technologies based on OWL, SKOS or SPARQL. The article’s main purpose is to identify the structure of the paradigm of linked open data and the requirements for such data, elaborate on the development of library data models focusing on linked open data as well as to identify methodological solutions allowing to transform the current cataloguing practice and modernize information systems that ensure the creation of linked open data in Lithuania and their dissemination within the Semantic Web. The research determined guidelines for shaping a paradigm of linked open data, its purposes, and the methodological potential for its implementation within the library sector. The analysed best practice initiatives related to linked open data undertaken by libraries abroad confirmed the importance of investing into integrated information services which create added value. The research also allowed drawing conclusions concerning the moving of libraries toward tendencies of creating linked open data. Thesauri should be replaced by formal ontologies, the entrenched cataloguing practice should be transformed by applying library data models based on the new bibliographic paradigm which requires a description of the entities Work, Expression, Manifestation, and Item as well as possesses a structure of entities, attributes, and relationships, and information systems should be supplied with special software for semantic search. The article also has the purpose to encourage broader discussion among Lithuania’s libraries as well as draw the attention of cultural policy makers to the necessity that, in the strategic document for library development, the transformation of library data management be oriented at linked open data by emphasizing the integrity of data within the library sector and that financial support for the realization of such transformation be provided.</p> Regina Varnienė-Janssen, Jūratė Kuprienė Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/755 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Transformations of the Lithuanian Librarian’s Profession: Professionalism and Development of Competences https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/756 <p>The objective of the article is, by drawing on the conception of professionalism of today’s librarian and on qualitative empirical research, to analyse how representatives of administrations of Lithuania’s public libraries perceive the transformations of the profession of a librarian, the development of competences determining the librarian’s professionalism, and the main obstacles and challenges facing such professionalism. The qualitative (empirical) research that has been done substantiates theoretical insights by scholars regarding the transformations of the profession of a librarian and related challenges. The most intensive changes are determined by rapidly evolving technologies, but Lithuania’s librarians also face certain forms of political change, economic inequality, and competition. Though public libraries are increasingly taking on the role of leaders within communities and are purporting to better comprehend communities’ expectations, they acknowledge the need to continuously develop competences and seek professionalism. Obstacles hindering the development of professionalism express themselves not only through personal limitations (conservatism, insufficient motivation to improve, etc.) but also through objectively experienced lack of general library policy and inability to demonstrate the benefit provided to community. The scheme of competences determining the professionalism of Lithuanian librarians that has been drawn by applying thematic analysis shows that participants of the conducted survey perceive professionalism mostly through general traditional competences and innovative ones determining creativity and visitor orientation approach. It is essential to build a nucleus of knowledge and skills embodying the profession’s exclusiveness, which all newly employed librarians should possess, and those with some length of service could pursue their careers in their appropriate fields by following the commonly known general correlation between acquired competences and achieved results from work in a certain position.</p> Daiva Janavičienė Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/756 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Activities of Lithuanian Public Libraries in the Face of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Migrant Crisis: the Endeavour to Ensure Human Rights https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/762 <p>By drawing on subject literature analysis and the results from empirical research, the article purports to generalize activities of Lithuania’s public libraries in ensuring the reinforcement of human rights during the COVID-19 pandemic and migrant crisis as well as to present recommendations for public libraries how to contribute to solving issues caused by today’s crises in Lithuania. The research results showed that activities of Lithuanian public libraries in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and migrant crisis are mostly oriented at safeguarding the following areas of human rights: provision of access to trustful knowledge and information, training / learning and education, ensuring equal possibilities for all library users, participation in the cultural life of the community, and fostering healthy lifestyle. In their contribution to solving issues caused by today’s crises in Lithuania, public libraries are recommended to focus primarily on activities and programmes related to media and information literacy; to more rapidly improve their physical and informational infrastructure intended for people with disabilities; by building on the experience of the world’s libraries, to both reinforce and expand their participation in programmes for social integration of migrants; and to do studies on potential demands of users.</p> Rasa Januševičienė Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/762 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Project Activities of Lithuanian Municipal Public Libraries in 1995–2017 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/757 <p>The article examines the project activities of Lithuanian municipal public libraries in 1995–2017. It consists of two parts. The first part is a review of project activities of libraries until 2007: it identifies the support of the Open Lithuania Foundation (OSFL) to libraries, discusses projects supported by international, national and local institutions, and describes the role of the Alliance <em>Langas į ateitį</em> (Window to the Future) in establishing public Internet access points and teaching the population computer literacy. The second part analyses the project activities of libraries in 2007–2017 by presenting quantitative indicators of projects of 2007, 2013, and 2015–2017 and finding out their dynamics. The analysis of project funding sources, sponsors, themes, and partnerships shows the change in their number and relative weight in the overall project structure. The article also determines the significance of the national projects <em>Libraries for Innovation</em> (2008–2012) and <em>Libraries for Innovation 2</em> (December 2013 – November 2016) for libraries, their communities, and society.</p> Petras Biveinis Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/757 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Functioning of Parliamentary Libraries and the Principle of the Separation of Powers https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/758 <p>Even though analytic philosophy does suggest a certain legitimate point of departure that a formal social / political science could be built upon, the mechanism of the ‘separation of powers’ has never yet been explored in that particular conceptual framework. Here we provide an argument that a divergent stratification which is unavoidable in a field of freely inter(acting) rational agents translates into a division of monolithic power, providing a formalist reinterpretation of this traditional ‘idealistic protections’ commitment. We further explore the consequences in terms of information provision and information tailoring that this stratification brings in its aftermath and use this formal argument to deliver the definition of a ‘parliamentary information service’ that is placed in a pragmatic context and has suggested consequences for it. A parliamentary library in its services and products is to include as consistent as possible monitoring of the public discourse in order to allow for the expression of ‘parliamentarianism’ in its analytic interpretation.</p> Magnus Tomas Kėvišas Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/758 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 A New Reading of Stafford Cripps’s Memorandum of 22 October 1940 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/759 <p>This article significantly modifies and broadens the earlier version of the author’s article published in the journal <em>Dzieje Najnowsze</em> in 1993. It elaborates on a British proposal for the Soviet government to balance bilateral relations at the time when the Soviet Union had already reached an agreement with the Third Reich. In order to weaken this agreement, the Government of Great Britain offered beneficial opportunities for the USSR, especially regarding the post-war settlement and countries of Eastern and Central Europe. In the new agreement, special attention had to be paid to Poland as well as to Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and, finally, Romania. The author of the proposals was Sir Stafford Cripps, Great Britain’s Ambassador to Moscow. In London, it was approved by the War Cabinet, and the British Ambassador was obliged by the Foreign Secretary to present it to the Soviet Government. The article analyses the course of the preparation and discussion of the document as well as the reaction of the Polish government in exile to British actions in achieving an agreement with Moscow. The memorandum, presented by Cripps to the Deputy People’s Commissar of Foreign Affairs Andrey Vyshinsky on 22 October 1940, remains an element of Great Britain’s foreign policy towards the Soviet Union and, therefore, the article’s author assumes that it ought to be more often referred to when investigating and explaining the genesis of the Anglo–Soviet Treaty of 26 May 1942. It has also to be taken account of when studying the fate of countries and nations of Eastern and Central Europe after the Second World War. (The article has been prepared at the request of the Editorial Board of the journal <em>Relevant Tomorrow</em>.)</p> Magdalena Hułas Copyright (c) 2022 Relevant Tomorrow https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.lnb.lt/relevant-tomorrow/article/view/759 Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000