About the Journal

What is the research journal Parliamentary Studies

The page presents information about the purpose and publisher of the journal, requirements for the authors of texts, authors‘ registration and the journal‘s history.

Focus and scope

Parlamentary Studies is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal published by the Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania since 2004 and reviewed by an international editorial board. Its purpose is to assemble researchers and encourage studies in the fields of democratic governance, parliamentarianism and political culture. The spectre of the journal’s authors include political analysts, historians, sociologists, researchers in linguistics and law as well as authors within the discipline of political communication.

Why is the journal published by the National Library

Since 1991, Lithuania‘s National Library has been operating as a research and parliamentary library.

As a parliamentary library, the National Library does not confine itself solely to solving short-term issues. It must be noted, as has been emphasised by the Chair of the Section on Library and Research Services for Parliaments of the Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), that ″The IFLA Section on Library and Research Services for Parliaments operates at the intersection of two international communities: one of libraries, which finds its global voice in the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), and the other of parliaments, represented at the highest level by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)“ and ″While different in their membership and governance, both organizations believe that cooperation and the sharing of experiences are strong enablers for progress, and that knowledge is vital for development″ (see Guidelines for parliamentary research services. IFLA, Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2015).

By common accord of the National Library‘s Scientific Board, its Director-General and the journal‘s Editorial Board, research publications should help find answers, both nationally and internationally, to challenges and even threats facing the parliamentary democracy. Therefore the Library invites researchers to suggest texts on most relevant issues related to political studies, legislation (law), economics, rhetoric and communication. It will strengthen the field of parliamentary studies as well as the possibilities to permanently renew discussions on problematic issues by observing changes in agendas of agencies of democratic societies: “Parliamentary research services are shaped by the culture and traditions of the context from which they emerge” (In: Ibid., 2015).

Publication specifications and requirements for authors


It is an open-access journal, published twice a year. The review process focuses on articles on political studies, history, sociology, law, information, linguistics and other social and humanities disciplines as well as conference presentations, discussions, study material, publications of sources, surveys and reviews related to parliamentary research. The informational and reference section of Parliamentary Studies contains bibliography, chronicle and calendar of events. Only original and previously unpublished manuscript copies of research articles shall be accepted.


The publisher does not charge any fees for the presentation, reviewing and editing of the text.


The Editorial Board adheres to the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) set for editors, reviewers and authors.

The Editorial Board has approved the requirements for authors, which are followed by the journal‘s scientific editor and reviewers.

Colophon of the article / author information

Authors shall present the following information together with the text in English and Lithuanian: place of work and its address, occupational title, educational degree and contact information (phone and e-mail). This information shall be indicated on the verso of the first page. When the article is published, the dates of its submission to the Editorial Board and the final acceptance for publication shall be indicated. At the end of the text, the date of the article‘s submission shall be indicated. The author‘s information shall be linked to the information at ORCID.

Composition of the article

The article shall start with the author information (see above), summary in English, key words and the text of the article (it shall contain component parts which are requisites for a research work: introduction, indication of the research object and scope of previous research, research methodology, results, conclusions or summing-up and reference list and literature). The article shall end with a summary (after conclusions) with the indication of the title and the author‘s name as well as key-words in English.

Selection criteria

The article shall be appraised according to its conformance to issues of parliamentarianism by taking into account aspects of the currency and originality of the research, level of author‘s arguing, scholarly level of the language and conformance of sources to the article‘s topic.


The size of articles shall be limited to 1 author‘s sheet (40,000 characters) including all elements of the text. The number of characters of the summary in English shall be limited to 2,000 characters and that of the summary in Lithuanian, to 600 characters. The size of other types of publications shall be limited to 0.5 author‘s sheet (20,000 characters). In exceptional cases, the Editorial Board may increase the indicators for the size of the text, in particular in case of a research study.


The journal is published in English and Lithuanian. The authors may submit articles in other languages as well (the final decision shall be taken by the Editorial Board). The sources shall be presented in the original language. The summaries shall be presented in English.

Requirements for texts

The Editorial Board shall be submitted with 1 copy of the text signed by the author in the doc.Word format; the main font shall be Times New Roman. The accented characters shall be from the Times Lt font. The size shall be 12 points and the spacing, 1.5 points.

Submission of the text

The article’s author shall be required to register on the Website of the journal Parliamentary Studies here. It will allow loading the manuscript copy. When registering, it is important to indicate the precise e-mail, at which the author will receive information about the final decision after the review; at their account, the author shall be able to get acquainted with the reviewers’ conclusions.

Visual information

Illustrations, graphic material or maps should be of sufficient quality and clearly described with the indication of their authors and sources.


Sources and literature shall be indicated after the article by using the automatic insert footnote mode; the font size shall be 10 points.


All articles shall be reviewed by two reviewers: a member of the Editorial Board and an appointed scholar representing the appropriate domain. Articles not satisfying the above-described requirements shall not be accepted. A registered user having their own account shall be given permission to amend the text in line with the reviewers‘ comments.

Presentation of sources within the article

When citing a book, the author‘s surname and the first letter of the first name shall be written in a vertical font; the title of the publication, in italic (without quotes); place of publication (name of the city), name of publishers, year, volume (fascicle or issue) and pages of the cited text, in vertical font. When citing an article, the title of the article shall be indicated in vertical font after the author‘s surname followed by a dot followed by the title of the publication containing the article in italic and other information in vertical font. The compiler of the publication and editor shall be indicated after the title of the publication (followed by a dot) in vertical font. The title of the manuscript copy of the work shall be written in vertical font. The title of the archives or manuscript collection shall be written in italic; abbreviations of holdings, inventories, records, sheets (pages), in vertical font. The title of the publication, archives or manuscript collection may be abbreviated in line with the established rules; abbreviations shall be written in italic.

After the footnote with extensive information about the publication or archive, some information within the following footnote may be omitted or the reference Ibid. may be given in italic.

If necessary, authors may consult the editorial board or refer to the established standards for bibliographic referencing LST ISO 690 and LST ISO 690-2.

History of the journal

On 14 May 2004, an interinstitutional decision on establishing a research journal devoted to investigating parliamentarianism was signed by chief executives of five research institutions in Vilnius: the Institute of the Lithuanian Language, the Institute of the History of Lithuania, the National Library of Lithuania, the Vilnius Pedagogical Institute (later on renamed into the Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences) and the Lithuanian University of Law (Mykolas Riomeris University). Such a decision was predetermined by a round-table discussion between scholars and politicians which had been arranged at the Seimas some time earlier. This document was approved by the Board of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (discussed on 22/06/2004). Politicians recommended to publish the journal at the National Library in order to make it immune from any political influence.

The National Library, which operates as a parliamentary library in line with the Law on Libraries, became the journal‘s publisher. The title of the journal was suggested and its first concept was prepared by Dr. Andrius Vaišnys (in 1997–2006, Head of the Public Relations Unit at the Office of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania), who later on was the Director of Vilnius University‘s Institute of Journalism and Dean of the Faculty of Communication at Vilnius University and since 2014, Professor at Vilnius University (in 2010–2020, he was Chairman of the National Library‘s Scientific Board). The first Chairman of the Editorial Board was (up to 2009) the historian Aivas Ragauskas (at present, Professor at Vilnius University).

Since the beginning of its publication (the first issue appeared in June 2004) the journal has been issued in two versions: electronic and printed. The electronic format was renewed in January 2021.

Outline of the journal‘s concept

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Andrius Vaišnys

The periodical research journal “Parliamentary Studies” is devoted to the publication of studies and papers addressing the historical, legal and linguistic tradition of the national and European parliamentarianism and the expression of public political life. Everything that was scattered among pages of the parliamentarianism of the Lithuanian State over the course of its development is worthy to be systematically investigated and consistently presented in order to demonstrate the tradition of activities of the parliamentary institution of the Lithuanian State at various stages of its history and its contribution to the maturity of the democratic society as well as to establish prerequisites for insight. Works published in this journal and on this Website, therefore, can and should affect the maturity of Lithuania’s political culture as well as bring to light and encourage studies in this direction by researchers within the domains of history, law, linguistics and political and information sciences. Parliamentarianism is multifaceted and, therefore, its investigation should be interdisciplinary. 

The journal has accumulated its audience (both readers and authors), among whom there are not solely policy makers and observers of politics but also researchers of the State’s history and law.

“Parliamentary Studies” focuses on its main objective: to present a spectre of issues related to the role of the parliamentary institution at various time periods by evaluating personalities, implication of decisions, processes and political situations from the point of view of democratic progress. The journal’s Editorial Board would like to achieve this goal by concentrating the appropriate Lithuania’s political, historical and cultural legacy, discovered in certain sources and interpreted by authors, within a single system consisting not only of a periodical journal but also the present Website parlamentostudijos.lt.

The structure of the journal and submitted articles should be fully in line with requirements for research works (publications). These requirements are presented in the Author Guidelines Section.

As it were in order to “calibrate” the quality of studies devoted to parliamentarianism, we publish articles on political governance reforms in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, when there was a move towards the impact of the contemporary parliamentary institution. Why is it important? In the first place, let us give an insight: if we truly purport to conceptualise the entire legacy of the political tradition of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, we must thoroughly investigate and identify the progression up to the Republic of Lithuania, i.e. the 21st century.

After our restored State became fully parliamentarian, the principal (not only internal but also foreign) issues were discussed at the Seimas. The principle of openness, which marked the 1920/26 period of the State’s history (partially up to the April of 1927) allowed the Lithuanian society to better comprehend advantages of democratic governance as well as discern the perspective of cross-border relationships. The subsequent decision making based on a closed model and implementation of universal anti-democratic occupational scenarios enforced on the Baltic States, as we very well know, entirely confirm advantages of openness and publicity that is characteristic of a parliamentary regime. When proceeding to the recent time period, the early 21st century, which is full of contradictions within national policies, we should attempt to prove that democracy becomes a national value when the society perceives its core nature and that it is the true art to govern and not to mess about, particularly not to permit to mess about in the name of the nation.

Politics, History, Language, Law – the Website’s main sections – will offer visitors works suggested by authors of “Parliamentary Studies”. The News Section will announce upcoming events which could be of interest to those who do research in the development of parliamentarianism and observe public life from a scientific perspective

(For the presentation to chief executives of research institutions, the Board of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania and for publishing).