About the Journal
What is the research journal Parliamentary Studies
The page presents information about the purpose and publisher of the journal, author requirements and the journal’s history.
Focus and scope
Parliamentary Studies is a peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal published by the Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania since 2004 and reviewed by an international editorial board. Its purpose is to gather researchers and encourage studies in the fields of democratic governance, parliamentarism and political culture. The journal gathers political analysts, historians, sociologists, researchers in linguistics and law as well as authors within the discipline of political communication. The published articles are assigned DOIs (the National Library is a member of CrossRef).
Why is the journal published by the National Library?
Since 1991, Lithuania’s National Library has been operating as a parliamentary research library.
As a parliamentary library, the National Library does not confine itself solely to addressing transitory issues. It must be noted, as has been emphasised by the Chair of the Section on Library and Research Services for Parliaments of the Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), that “The IFLA Section on Library and Research Services for Parliaments operates at the intersection of two international communities: one of libraries, which finds its global voice in the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), and the other of parliaments, represented at the highest level by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)” and “While different in their membership and governance, both organizations believe that cooperation and the sharing of experiences are strong enablers for progress, and that knowledge is vital for development” (see Guidelines for parliamentary research services. IFLA, Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2015).
By common accord of the National Library’s Scientific Council, its Director-General and the journal’s Editorial Board, research publications should help find answers, both nationally and internationally, to challenges and even threats facing the parliamentary democracy. Therefore the Library invites researchers to suggest texts on most relevant issues related to political studies, legislation (law), economics, rhetoric and communication. It will strengthen the field of parliamentary studies as well as the possibilities to permanently renew discussions on problematic issues by observing changes in agendas of agencies of democratic societies: “Parliamentary research services are shaped by the culture and traditions of the context from which they emerge” (In: Ibid., 2015).
Publishing policy and author requirements
Parliamentary Studies is an open-access journal published twice a year. It focuses on articles on political studies, history, sociology, law, information, linguistics and other social and humanities disciplines as well as conference presentations, discussions, study material, publications of sources, surveys and reviews related to parliamentary research. In its informational section, the journal publishes bibliography, chronicle and calendar of events. Parliamentary studies accepts only original papers that have not been submitted elsewhere.
The publisher does not charge any fees for the submission, reviewing and editing of papers.
The Editorial Board adheres to the recommendations by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) set for editors, reviewers and authors.
The Editorial Board has approved the requirements for authors, which are followed by the journal’s scientific editor, editor-in-chief and reviewers.
Author information and colophon of the article
Authors are asked to present the following information in English and Lithuanian together with the paper’s text: place of work and its address, occupational title, scientific degree and contact information (phone and e-mail address). It is indicated on the left of the first page. When the paper is published, the dates of its submission to the Editorial Board and of the final acceptance for publishing is indicated together with the publication’s title, its issue and publishing year and, on the last page, the date of the paper’s submission for publication.
Structure of the paper
The paper should begin with the author information (see above), summary in English and key words. The body of the paper should contain component parts requisite for a research work: introduction, indication of the research object and scope of previous research, research methods, results, conclusions or summing-up and references to sources and literature. The paper should end with a summary (after conclusions) with the indication of the title and the author’s name as well as key-words in English. The author information is linked to the database ORCID.
Submitted papers are evaluated according to their conformance to issues of parliamentarism by taking into account aspects of the currency and originality of the research, level of author’s arguing, scholarly level of the language and conformance of sources to the paper’s topic.
The size of a paper of an article (including all elements of the text) should not exceed 1 author’s sheet (40,000 characters). The number of characters of the summary in a foreign language is limited to 2,000 characters and that of the summary in Lithuanian, to 600 characters. The size of papers of other types of publications is limited to 0.5 author’s sheet (20,000 characters). In exceptional cases, the Editorial Board may increase the indicators for the size of the text, in particular in case of a study.
The journal is published in English and Lithuanian. Papers in other languages are also accepted (the final decision shall be taken by the Editorial Board). Sources should be presented in the original language (in individual cases, translated into Lithuanian). Papers are required to contain summaries in English.
Requirements for texts
Authors are asked to submit 1 copy of the paper, signed by the author, in the Microsoft Word DOC format (main font Times New Roman, accented characters in the Font “Times Lt”, font size 12-pt, spacing 1.5 lines).
Submission of the paper
The author is required to register on the Website of the journal Parliamentary Studies here. It will allow loading the paper. When registering, it is important to indicate the correct e-mail, at which the author will be notified about the reviewers’ final decision.
Illustrations, graphic material and maps should be of sufficient quality and clearly described with the indication of their authors and sources.
Sources and literature should be indicated after the main text by using the option “Insert Footnote” (font size 10-pt).
Submitted papers are reviewed by two reviewers: a member of the Editorial Board and an expert representing the appropriate domain. Papers not satisfying the above-described requirements are not accepted. A registered user can correct the text directly on the Website by taking into account the reviewers’ comments.
Presentation of sources
When a publication is cited, the author’s surname and the first letter of the first name is written in upright font; the title of the publication, in italics (without quotes); and the place of publication (name of city), publisher, year, volume (fascicle or issue) and pages of the cited text, in upright font. When citing an article, the article’s title, followed by a dot, is written in upright font after the author’s surname. Then follows the title of the publication in italics and other information in upright font. The indication of the publication’s compiler and editor follows the publication’s title (followed by a dot) in upright font. The title of the manuscript is written in upright font; the title of the archives or manuscript collection, in italics; and abbreviations of collections, descriptions, fonds and pages (sheets), in upright font. Titles of publications, archives or manuscript collections can be abbreviated in line with the established rules (in italics).
After the footnote with extensive bibliographic information about the publication or archive, some information within the following footnote may be omitted or the abbreviation Ibid. may be given in italics.
If necessary, authors may consult the Editorial Board or refer to the established standards for bibliographic referencing LST ISO 690 and LST ISO 690-2.
History of the journal
About the conception, establishment and independence
In February 2004, a round-table discussion of researchers and politicians on the lack of parliamentary research related to historical and topical issues held at the Seimas put forward an idea of a specialised journal. On 14 May 2004, an interinstitutional decision on establishing a research journal devoted to investigating parliamentarism was signed by chief executives of five research institutions in Vilnius: the Institute of the Lithuanian Language, the Lithuanian Institute of History, the National Library of Lithuania, the Vilnius Pedagogical Institute (later on renamed into the Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences) and the Lithuanian University of Law (later renamed into Mykolas Romeris University). This document was approved by the Board of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (discussed on 22/06/2004). Politicians recommended that the journal be published by the National Library (though the first issue had been published by the publishers Valstybės žinios) in order to make it immune from any political influence.
Thus, the National Library operating as a parliamentary library under the Law on Libraries of the Republic of Lithuania became the journal’s publisher. The title of the journal was suggested and its initial concept was prepared by Dr. Andrius Vaišnys (in 1997–2006, Head of the Public Relations Unit at the Office of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania; later on, Director of Vilnius University’s Institute of Journalism, Dean of the Faculty of Communication at Vilnius University; Professor at Vilnius University; and in 2010–2020, Chairman of the National Library’s Scientific Council). The first Chairman of the Editorial Board was (up to 2009) the historian Aivas Ragauskas (at present, Professor at Vilnius University).
Since 2011, the updating of the journal’s Editorial Board has been a prerogative of the National Library’s Scientific Council; a new board is approved by an order by the National Library’s Director-General.
About the symbol
On the journal’s title banner next to the National Library’s logo, there is the historical Great National Emblem, the original image of which was presented at the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania by the heraldry artist Arvydas Každailis in 2004. The Great National Emblem is a symbol of the parliamentarian tradition of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which originated during the period from the late 15th to the early 16th century (1492–1512). For a certain period of time (up to 2008), it adorned the main lobby of the building of the Seimas, but, unlike the historical flag of Lithuania created and presented by Arvydas Každailis, it was not authorised by law. When the journal’s concept was being discussed, Arvydas Každailis assented to a proposal to print the symbol on the cover of every paper issue of Parliamentary Studies and show it in the journal’s electronic version so that it could become a symbol of the tradition of parliamentary research.
Since the very beginning of its publication (the first issue appeared in June 2004), the journal has been issued in two versions: electronic and printed. The electronic format was renewed in January 2021.
Outline of the journal’s concept
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Andrius Vaišnys
The periodical research journal “Parliamentary Studies” is devoted to the publication of studies and papers addressing the historical, legal and linguistic tradition of the national and European parliamentarism and expressions of public political life. Everything that has been scattered over the pages of Lithuania’s parliamentarism during the development of its statehood is worthy to be systematically investigated and consistently presented in order to demonstrate the tradition of activities of the parliamentary institution of the Lithuanian State at various stages of its history and its contribution to the maturity of the democratic society as well as to establish prerequisites for insight. Works published in this journal and on this Website, therefore, can and should affect the maturity of Lithuania’s political culture as well as bring to light and encourage studies in this direction by researchers within the domains of history, law, linguistics and political and information sciences. Parliamentarism is multifaceted and, therefore, its investigation should be interdisciplinary.
The journal has accumulated its audience (both readers and authors), among whom there are not only policy makers and observers of politics but also researchers of the State’s history and law.
“Parliamentary Studies” focuses on its main objective: to present a spectre of issues related to the role of the parliamentary institution at various time periods by evaluating personalities, implication of decisions, processes and political situations from the point of view of democratic progress. The journal’s Editorial Board would like to achieve this goal by concentrating Lithuania’s appropriate political, historical and cultural legacy, discovered in certain sources and interpreted by authors, within a single system consisting not only of a periodical journal but also the present Website parlamentostudijos.lt.
The structure of the journal and submitted papers should be fully in line with requirements for research works (publications). These requirements are presented in the author guidelines section.
As it were in order to “calibrate” the quality of studies devoted to parliamentarism, we publish articles on political governance reforms in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, when there was a move towards the impact of the contemporary parliamentary institution. Why is it important? In the first place, let us give an insight: if we truly purport to conceptualise the entire legacy of the political tradition of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, we must thoroughly investigate and identify the traditional progression up to the Republic of Lithuania, i.e. the 21st century.
After our restored State became fully parliamentarian, the principal (not only internal but also foreign) issues were discussed at the Seimas. The principle of openness, which marked the 1920/26 period of the State’s history (partially up to the April of 1927,) allowed the Lithuanian society to better comprehend advantages of democratic governance as well as discern the perspective of cross-border relationships. The subsequent decision making, based on a closed model, and the implementation of universal anti-democratic occupational scenarios enforced on the Baltic States, as we very well know, entirely confirm advantages of openness and publicity that is characteristic of a parliamentary regime. When proceeding to the recent time period, the early 21st century, which was full of contradictions within national policies, we should attempt to prove that democracy becomes a national value when the society perceives its core nature as the proper art of governing and not of messing about, particularly not of permitting to mess about in the name of the nation.
Politics, History, Language, Law – the Website’s main sections – will provide works offered by authors of “Parliamentary Studies”. The News Section will announce upcoming events which could be of interest to those who do research on the development of parliamentarism and observe public life from a scientific perspective
(For the presentation to chief executives of research institutions, the Board of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania and for publishing).